Earth’s crust movement had moved the basin close enough to the Indonesian and Philippine volcanoes to receive emitted debris The Celebes Sea is home to a wide variety of fish and aquatic creatures. Celebes shows some evidence of being squeezed between the conflicting forces of the more stable surrounding masses of the Sunda and Sahul shelves. Numerous volcanoes surround the sites at distances of 200 to 400 km. Halmahera Island, in the north, is volcanic, as are the islands of the Banda Sea, which are frequently rocked by earthquakes. THE following note may be perhaps of interest for the readers of NATURE. 4.5 earthquake - Celebes Sea, Philippines, on Friday, 13 Nov 3.19 am (GMT +8) - Light magnitude 4.5 earthquake at 558 km depth 12 Nov 19:25 UTC : First to report: BMKG after 5 minutes. Light mag. On the North. Science Website. Accompanied by an English-speaking guide, you begin your trip in Manado, working your way through the region and on to Tangkoko National Park, before exploring Bunaken Island off the coast of Manado. Its northeastern arm, the Minahasa Peninsula, is volcanic and structurally different from the rest of the island, which is composed of a complex of igneous and metamorphic rocks. Nonprofit Organization. It is located between 116° 40', and 126° 34' E. longitude and 4° 40' and 21° 10' N. latitude and borders the Philippine Sea on the east, the South China Sea on the west, and the Celebes Sea on the south.found in the Philippines.Most of the mountainous islands are covered in tropical rainforest and volcanic in origin. Smithsonian Volcano Summary #* Historical Eruptions ¹ 0 370 740 1,480 Kilometers Gulf of Thailand South China Sea Philippine Sea Celebes Sea Timor Sea Java Sea Bay of Bengal Andaman Sea P a c i f i c O c e a n I n d i a n O c e a n. Created Date: There are a number of notable lakes on Sumatra, the most famous of which is Lake Toba, which lies in the north at an elevation of about 3,000 feet (900 metres) above sea level and covers some 440 square miles (1,140 square km). By 20 million years ago, earth crust movement had moved the basin close enough to the Indonesian and Philippine volcanoes to receive emitted debris. A guide to Bohey Dulang, a paradise island in Sabah’s Celebes Sea. The Celebes Sea /ˈsɛləˌbiːz/ of the western Pacific Ocean is bordered on the north by the Sulu Archipelago and Sulu Sea and Mindanao Island of the Philippines, on the east by the Sangihe Islands chain, on the south by Sulawesi's Minahasa Peninsula, and on the west by northern Kalimantan in Indonesia. It extends 420 miles north-south by 520 mi east-west and has a total surface area of … A line from Tinaca Point, the Southern point of Mindanao, to the North point of pulau Sangihe Besar (3°45′N 125°26′E / 3.750°N 125.433°E / 3.750; 125.433) thence through the pulau-pulau Sangihe to Tanjung Puisan, the Northeast extreme of Celebes [Sulawesi]. The LMEs tropical climate is governed by the monsoon regime. This family-friendly week-long itinerary highlights Indonesia's North Sulawesi Island and combines cultural exploration with adventure. Words by Sarah Khan. The land consists of ranges of mountains cut by deep rift valleys, many of which contain lakes. Most of the northern and central Moluccas have dense vegetation and rugged mountainous interiors where elevations often exceed 3,000 feet (900 metres).  By 10 million years ago the Celebes Sea was inundated with continental debris, including coal, which was shed from a growing young mountain on Borneo and the basin had docked against Eurasia. Government Organization. The Celebes Sea is a piece of an ancient ocean basin that formed 42 million years ago in a locale removed from any landmass. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. The Celebes Sea is a piece of an ancient ocean basin that formed 42 million years ago in a locale removed from any landmass. The knowledge of the initial age of the arc and of the amount and thickness of sediments contributing to the Celebes Sea Basin are unknown. Perhaps the best-known volcano is Krakatoa (Krakatau), situated in the Sunda Strait between Sumatra and Java, which erupted disastrously in 1883. The Celebes Sea is an interesting part of the ocean world because of the complexities caused by surrounding factors. It is erroneously called tidal waves and sometimes mistakenly associated with storm surges. The sea is also popular for scuba diving and luxury ocean cruising. This map shows the location of the Philippines within Asia, specifically Southeast Asia. By 20,000,000 years ago, earth crust movement had moved the basin close enough to the Indonesian and Philippine volcanoes to receive emitted debris. 48 km (30 mi) WNW of Kalamansig (Sultan Kudarat) (pop: 12,800) 49 km (30 mi) WNW of Puloypuloy (Sultan Kudarat) (pop: 5,130) July 2020 4 minute read Facebook Twitter. Volcanic eruptions are by no means uncommon. The border between the Celebes and the Sulu Sea is at the Sibutu-Basilan Ridge. The Celebes Sea opens into the Java Sea via the Makassar Strait in its southwest region. Celebes Sea, Indonesian Laut Sulawesi, sea of the western Pacific Ocean, bordered on the north by the Sulu Archipelago and Sea and Mindanao Island, on the east by the Sangi Islands chain, on the south by Celebes (Sulawesi), and on the west by Borneo. On the South. Information Contacts: Card 0047 (14 September 1968) Philippine Consul General, Manado, Celebes, Indonesia. "Ships in the Celebes Sea have been asked to help evacuate residents from the volcano-threatened Talaud and Sangi island groups. The Antara News Agency reported increased activity by four volcanoes on the area about 100 miles south of the tip of the Philippine island of Mindanao. The event followed another powerful earthquake that struck Moro Gulf (Mindanao, Philippines), on Sunday, October 04, 2009. The Celebes Sea has an area of 453,000 sq km and depths up to 6,220 m. Mangrove thickets are characteristic of the low, eastern shores of Kalimantan, and the Sulu Archipelago has many coral reefs. The Celebes Sea is an important sea route for regional trade. Information Contacts: Card 0047 (14 September 1968) Philippine Consul General, Manado, Celebes, Indonesia. Coordinates: 3°N 122°E / 3°N 122°E / 3; 122, A marginal sea of the Pacific Ocean between the Sulu Archipelago, Mindanao Island, the Sangihe Islands, Sulawesi and Kalimantan, Delimitation of the Exclusive Economic Zone boundary, Ocean Explorer (www.oceanexplorer.noaa.gov), Exploring the Inner Space of the Celebes Sea 2007, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Celebes_Sea&oldid=998352991, Short description is different from Wikidata, All Wikipedia articles written in Philippine English, Articles using infobox body of water without alt, Articles using infobox body of water without pushpin map alt, Articles using infobox body of water without image bathymetry, Articles containing Indonesian-language text, Articles containing Filipino-language text, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 280,000 square kilometers (110,000 sq mi), This page was last edited on 5 January 2021, at 00:24. There are over 100 active volcanoes in Indonesia and hundreds more that are considered extinct. Celebrities of the Celebes Sea. Pacific Typhoon Center. 121°04'E on its South coast, thence through Tapul and Lugus Islands and along the North coast of Tawitawi Island to Bongao Island off its Western end (5°01′N 119°45′E / 5.017°N 119.750°E / 5.017; 119.750), and from thence to Tanjong Labian, the Northeastern extreme of Borneo] and the Southwest coast of Mindanao. The Celebes Sea is a piece of an ancient ocean basin that formed 42 million years ago in a locale removed from any landmass. Video courtesy of the NOAA Office of Ocean Exploration and Research, INDEX-SATAL 2010. It is believed that the Celebes Sea is part of a 42 million year old ocean basin. The Philippines is surrounded by the Pacific Ocean, specifically the South China Sea, the Sulu Sea, the Celebes Sea, and the Philippine Sea. The geology of Sulawesi Sea has been described in the Geology of Indonesia Wikibook. Mount Merapi, which rises to 9,551 feet (2,911 metres) near Yogyakarta (Jogjakarta) in central Java, erupts frequently—often causing extensive destruction to roads, fields, and villages but always greatly benefiting the soil. The Moluccas lie in the same geologically unstable zone as Celebes, although the northern islands are associated more with the Sahul Shelf. Bohey Dulang from the top Eruption of Krakatoa (Krakatau) volcano, southwestern Indonesia, 1960. The following cable report was received on 16 September 1968. The isolated Una-Una volcano in the Gulf of Gorontalo, Central Celebes, could be related to the southeast-dipping dormant subduction zone situated in the Celebes Sea. Its complex shape somewhat resembles a capital K, with an extremely long peninsula running northeast from its north-south backbone. Epicenter latitude / longitude: 6.78°N / 123.68°E (Celebes Sea, Philippines) Nearest volcano: Makaturing (119 km / 74 mi) Nearby towns and cities: 38 km (23 mi) W of Gadung (pop: 2,460) See nearby quakes! By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Tsunamis can occur when the earthquake is shallow-seated and strong enough to displace parts of the seabed and disturb the mass of water over it. It is located between 116° 40', and 126° 34' E. longitude and 4° 40' and 21° 10' N. latitude and borders the Philippine Sea on the east, the South China Sea on the west, and the Celebes Sea on the south.found in the Philippines.Most of the mountainous islands are covered in tropical rainforest and volcanic in origin. It has been agreed that north of the boundary line will be under the jurisdiction of the Philippines (named as Mindanao Sea) and Indonesia be south of the boundary line (named Celebes Sea). The Celebes Sea is home to a wide variety of fish and aquatic creatures. A complex oceanography results from the Celebes’ strong currents, deep sea trenches, seamounts and active volcanic islands. Image Source Having a diverse marine life, Sipadan Island is an abode of natural beauty and stunning landscapes. Another major incident occurred in 1963, when Mount Agung on Bali erupted violently after having been dormant for more than 140 years. The southern ridge of Celebes has an axis of schist and quartzite, while the volcanic Minahasa area differs structurally from any other part of the island. Celebes Sea Sites 767 and 770 are located in the northeastern Celebes Sea. Matutum volcano is produced by the Celebes Sea subducting along the Cotabato trench. By 20 million years ago, earth crust movement had moved the basin close enough to the Indonesian and Philippine volcanoes to receive emitted debris. The IHO defines its limits as follows:. It extends 420 miles (675 km) north-south by 520 mi (840 km) east-west and has a total surface area of 110,000 square miles (280,000 km2), to a maximum depth of 20,300 feet (6,200 m). There are active volcanic islands that border this sea as well as deep-sea trenches and the ocean has a strong current in this area. Bohey Dulang is an extinct volcano in the sea between Sulu sea and Celebes sea. The Celebes Sea is a piece of an ancient ocean basin that formed 42 million years ago in a locale removed from any landmass. Indonesian rivers generally are relatively short and flow from interior mountains to the sea. The sea opens southwest through the Makassar Strait into the Java Sea. Sri Lanka, India, and Indonesia are just a few places where you might travel to get a taste for new cultues, cuisines, and languages. In 2010 Mount Sinabung, in northern Sumatra, erupted after more than 400 years of dormancy, forcing tens of thousands to evacuate their homes. Two sites were drilled in the Celebes Sea Basin (767 and 770) and three in the Sulu Sea Basin (768, 769, and 771). There are thousands of islands between both seas following a line that connects Borneo and Philippines. Eruption of Mount Merapi, Central Java, Indonesia, May 2006. The East coast of Borneo between Tanjung Mangkalihat and Tanjong Labian, the Southern limit of the Sulu Sea. Some sources even mentioned that this mount is world’s highest volcano mountain. The tephrachronologic investigations are presented in Pubellier et al., (this volume). The event followed another powerful earthquake that struck Moro Gulf (Mindanao, Philippines), on Sunday, October 04, 2009.… The Moluccas consist of a group of roughly 1,000 islands with a combined area that is about two-thirds the size of Java. Celebes also has several large, deep lakes, including Lakes Towuti and Matama in the southern part of the island and Lake Poso in the centre. "Submarine volcano (Banua Wuhu) near island Mahengetang, Sangihe Islands, Celebes Sea, Indonesia, started erupting on 6 September 1968, showing activity, and decreasing intensity." All life on the surrounding island group was destroyed. They run in a crescent-shaped line along the outer margin of the country, through Sumatra and Java as far as Flores, then north through the Banda Sea to a junction with the volcanoes of northern Celebes. For early historical references about the Celebes Sea area, we have to turn to Chinese sources, of which the oldest report is, perhaps, that of Kangtai and Zhuying (third century A.D.).  Interest. Volcano Global Update Centre. The Celebes Sea is a sharing sea and shares a border with the Sulu Sea. Powerful earthquake measuring up to 7.1 Mw Struck Celebes Sea, SE of Jolo, Sulu Archipelago, Philippines, on Wednesday, October 07, 2009 at 21:41 UTC at a depth of about 580km. The eruptions caused tidal waves throughout Southeast Asia, killing tens of thousands of people, and ash clouds that circled the Earth decreased solar radiation and produced spectacular sunsets for more than a year. Book a Flight. Once commonly known as the “Spice Islands,” the Moluccas—especially Ternate, Tidore, Ambon, and Banda Besar—were a source of cloves, nutmeg, and mace, particularly during the 16th and 17th centuries. On 23 May 2013, the Government of the Republic of the Philippines and the Government of the Republic of Indonesia signed an agreement to establish the boundary line that delimits the overlapping Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) between the two countries. , The International Hydrographic Organization (IHO) defines the Celebes Sea as being one of the waters of the East Indian Archipelago. The temperature of the surface waters throughout the year is approximately 28°C, and the salinity is approximately 34.5 parts per thousand. Halmahera Island is the largest of the group, followed by Ceram and Buru. Nearby countries include Indonesia, Malaysia, Brunei, and Singapore. The Celebes Sea /ˈsɛləˌbiːz/ (Indonesian: Laut Sulawesi, Filipino: Dagat Selebes) of the western Pacific Ocean is bordered on the north by the Sulu Archipelago and Sulu Sea and Mindanao Island of the Philippines, on the east by the Sangihe Islands chain, on the south by Sulawesi's Minahasa Peninsula, and on the west by northern Kalimantan in Indonesia. On the East. ... New Earthquake : Magnitude M 4.4 CELEBES SEA … Because of its insularity, Indonesia has no large rivers comparable to those on the Asian mainland. Colour lithograph of the eruption of Krakatoa (Krakatau) volcano, Indonesia, 1883; from the Royal Society. The North coast of Celebes between tanjung Puisan and tanjung Binar (Cape Rivers) (1°20′N 120°52′E / 1.333°N 120.867°E / 1.333; 120.867) and thence a line to Tanjung Mangkalihat in Borneo, the Northern limit of Makassar Strait [a line joining Tanjung Mangkalihat, Borneo (1°02′N 118°57′E / 1.033°N 118.950°E / 1.033; 118.950) and tanjung Binar (Cape Rivers), Celebes (1°20′N 120°52′E / 1.333°N 120.867°E / 1.333; 120.867)]. It is located between 116° 40', and 126° 34' E. longitude and 4° 40' and 21° 10' N. latitude and borders the Philippine Volcano Disaster Assistance Program. West Kawio Mountain itself has height around 3200 m, which the top of it is located approximately 1900 m below the sea. The shallow seas between many of the islands are a significant source of offshore petroleum, natural gas, minerals, and food. Tuna and yellowfin tuna are also abundant. Maritime traffic links the area with the Java, the Flores, and the South China seas and the Pacific Ocean. Deep seismic studies show that the tip of the subducted portion of the Celebes Sea is located at a 130- km horizontal distance from the trench and at depth of no more than 75-85 km below Mt Matutum volcano. Earthquake Measuring up to 7.1Mw Strikes Celebes Sea Powerful earthquake measuring up to 7.1 Mw Struck Celebes Sea, SE of Jolo, Sulu Archipelago, Philippines, on Wednesday, October 07, 2009 at 21:41 UTC at a depth of about 580km. Celebes Sea Sites 767 and 770 are located in the northeastern Celebes Sea. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, The archipelago: its prehistory and early historical records, The arrival of Hindu religious conceptions, Growth and impact of the Dutch East India Company, The French and the British in Java, 1806–15, Indonesia from the coup to the end of the New Order, Economic crisis, public unrest, and the fall of Suharto.
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